Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a common type of psychotherapy. A client works with a mental health counselor (psychotherapist or therapist) in a structured way, attending a limited number of sessions. Cognitive behavioral therapy helps treat mental health disorders such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, or an eating disorder. This type of psychotherapy helps people learn how to identify and change a destructive or disturbing thought pattern that negatively influences behavior and emotions. These negative thoughts are identified through CBT, challenged, and replaced with more objective, realistic views. It’s more than identifying thought patterns, but it focuses on using a wide range of strategies to help people overcome these thoughts. Some methods include journaling, relaxation techniques, mental distractions, and role-playing.
Types of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Cognitive therapy: Identifying and changing inaccurate thinking patterns, emotional responses, and behaviors
- Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT): addresses thoughts and behaviors while incorporating strategies such as emotional regulation and mindfulness
- Multimodal therapy: addresses psychological issues that must be treated thought seven different but interconnected modalities, which are behavior, affect, sensation, imagery, cognition, interpersonal factors, and drug/biological considerations
- Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT): identifying irrational beliefs, actively challenging them, and learning to recognize and change the thought pattern.
The goal of cognitive behavioral therapy is to teach people that while they cannot control every aspect of the world around them, they can take control of how they interpret and deal with things in their environment. CBT has become increasingly popular in recent years with treatment professionals.
To see the benefits of CBT, it’s essential to stay patient and continue the course. Working with a professional specializing in this therapy type will help a client identify negative thoughts, practice new skills, set goals, problem-solve, and self-monitor.